Solitary Confinment has been an issue and in the courts for over 100 years. Listed below are several of them.
Ex Parte Medley, 134 U.S. 160 (1890) (Click here)
The first U.S. Supreme Court case that took up the issue of Solitary Confinement.
Davis v. Ayala, 135 S. Ct. 2178 (2015) (Click here)
Justice Kennedy issues his opinion that Solitary Confinement needs to be evaluated by the Supreme Court, citing the “human toll wrought by extended terms of isolation.” Declaring that it may bring prisoners to “the edge of madness, perhaps madness itself.”
Glossip v. Gross, 135 S. Ct. 2726 (2015) (Click here)
Justices Breyer and Ginsburg jointly criticized the “dehumanizing effects of degregation, citing “studies finding that Solitary Confinement can cause prisoners to experience ‘anxiety, panic rage, loss of control, paranoia, hallucinations, and self-mutilation,’ among many other symptoms.”
Ruiz v. Johnson, 154 F. Supp 2d 975 (S.D. Texas 2001) (Click here)
A U.S. district court in Texas declared: “Solitary Confinement units are virtual incubators of psychosis—seeding illness in otherwise healthy inmates ad exacerbating illness in those already suffering from mental infirmities.”
Davenport v. DeRobertis, 844 F.2d 1310, 1316 (7th Cir. 1988) (Click here)
Judge Richard Posner wrote ‘there is plenty of medical and psychological literature concerning the ill effects of solitary confinement (of which segregation is a variant.)”
Madrid v. Gomez, 889 F. Suppose 1146 (N.D. Cal 1995) (Click here)
“Social science and clinical literature have consistently reported that when human beings are subjected to social isolation and reduced environmental stimulation, they may deteriorate mentally and in some cases develop psychiatric disturbances.”